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2016年划一学力申硕英语真题及答案剖析

泉源:退职研之家【中国退职研讨生招生网】公布工夫:2016-06-07

  2016年划一学力申硕测验圆满完毕,置信不少考生都比拟存眷答案,明天退职研讨生招生信息网教师整理了划一学力申硕英语真题及参考答案,各人可参考一下,对本人的分数停止评价。
 

 2016年划一学力申硕英语真题
 


  Part I Oral Communication (10 points)

  Section A

  Directions:In this section there are two incomplete dialogues and each dialogue has three

  blanks and three choices A, B and C, taken from the dialogue. Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the Answer sheet.

  Dialogue One

  A.Will you take care of that for me?

  B.Does it have anything valuable inside?

  C.How do you want to send it?

  Clerk: May I help you?

  Customer: Yes, I’d like to send this letter to my family in England.

  Clerk: Did you write your return address on the envelope?

  Customer: Yes, I did.

  Clerk: ____1____

  Customer: I guess I’ll send it airmail.

  Clerk: ____2____

  Customer: Yes. I enclosed a check and some photographs.

  Clerk: Then you’d better send it by registered mail.

  Customer: That’s a good idea.___3____

  Clerk: I’m sorry, sir. You’ll have to take your letter to the next window.

  Dialogue Two

  A.You can’t even stay in the sun for five minutes.

  B.I guess so.

  C.You want my advice?

  Winne: Oh, man! Nobody can stand this kind of scorching heat.

  Marc: Absolutely! _____4_____

  Winne: Anyway, I guess this afternoon there’s nothing we can do but stay home.

  Marc: ____5_____ I don’t want to be taken to the hospital for heat exhaustion or something.

  Winne: ___6_____ Drink a lot of liquids and spare yourself the worst of the heat!

  Marc: Yean, you’re right. Got to drink a lot of fluids.

  Section B

  Directions:In this section there is one incomplete interview which has four blanks and four

  choices A, B ,C and D, taken from the interview. Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the interview and mark your answer on the Answer sheet.

  A.I literally can’t stop.

  B.But now I don’t need to worry any more.

  C.You’re known as the first billionaire author here.

  D.But that’s not just about money.

  Interviewer: You have published six popular books. 7 Interviewee: Yeah.

  Interviewer: So how has being the first billionaire author affected your perception of yourself?

  Interviewee: I dress better. Well, you can definitely afford better clothes.8I think the

  single biggest thing that money gave me--and obviously I came from a place where I was a single mother and it really was hand to mouth at one point. It was literally as poor as you can get without being homeless at one point. 9 Never.

  Interviewer: Are you in a place now where you can accept that you will always be rich?

  Interviewee: No.

  Interviewer: And will you be writing more?

  Interviewee: Oh, definitely. I can’t, yeah,10Well, I mean, you could tie my hands to

  my sides, I suppose, but I have to write. For my own mental health, I need to write.

  Part II Vocabulary (10 points)

  Directions: In this part there are ten sentences, each with one word or phrase underlined. Choose

  the one from the four choices marked A, B, C and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  11.Such experience helps promote one’s alertness to other cultures, as well as a better appreciation of one’s own culture.

  A. preferenceB. adjustment

  C. sensitivityD. response

  12.If you always try to find fault with others, it means that you have gained another shortcoming.

  A.ignoreB. criticize

  C. impressD. follow

  13.The election will be brought forward to June as so many people are on holiday in July.

  A. prolongedB. adapted

  C. postponedD. advanced

  14.As to the question of refreshments, I should think orange juice and potato chips will be sufficient.

  A. enoughB. abundant

  C. satisfyingD. proper

  15.Watching these kids grow brings me satisfaction that is difficult to surpass.

  A.obtainB. exceed

  C. describeD. forget

  16.The journal published a series of articles that reviewed the prospects for a new era of “genetic 16.

  medicine”.

  A. backgroundB. exploration

  C. surveyD. outlook

  17.If you don’t slow down and take a break, you’ll be burned out very quickly.

  A.distressedB. anxious

  C. exhaustedD. upset

  18.Following our merging with Smith Brothers, the new company will, from now on be known as Smith and Murphy Inc.

  A. cooperationB. meeting

  C. agreementD. combination

  19.Only native-born citizens are eligible for the U.S. Presidency.

  A.requiredB. qualified

  C. selectedD. elected

  20.It was 38 degrees and the air conditioning barely cooled the room.

  A.simplyB. quickly

  C. hardlyD. strongly

  Part III Reading Comprehension (25 points)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements,

  each with four suggested answers A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  What did you study at university? If it was something along the lines of law or business, you might want to look away now. That's because according to new research, which has found a link between our university subjects and our personalities, you have selfish, uncooperative tendencies and are not very in touch with your feelings. On the plus side, you're probably the life and soul of a party, the findings suggest.

  Researchers analyzed data from more than 13,000 university students who were involved in 12 separate studies. From this, they discovered a correlation between the “Big Five” major personality traits and the subjects they were enrolled on.

  For example, those studying law, economics, political science and medicine tended to be much more outgoing than those taking other subjects, the study found. But when it came to “agreeableness” -- the tendency towards being helpful, generous and considerate -- the lawyers scored particularly low, as did business and economics students.

  Arts and humanities students, as well as those studying psychology and politics scored highly for openness, meaning they were curious, imaginative and in touch with their inner feelings, while economists, engineers, lawyers and scientists scored comparatively low. However, the arts and humanities students also tended to be less conscientious and more nervous, typically exhibiting signs of anxiety and moodiness. Psychology students were not far behind arts and humanities students for these traits.

  Study author Anna Vedel, from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, said she was surprised by the magnitude of the results. “The effect sizes show that the differences found are not trivial, far from,” she said. “On the more humorous side they do confirm our more or less prejudicial stereotypes of the disturbed psychologist, the withdrawn natural scientist, the cynical economist.”

  And she said that the findings could help those school pupils who currently have no idea what to study at university, as well as helping academics to plan their lectures. “I’m not arguing that these results should play a major role in either guidance or selection, but it might provide some inspiration for students that are in doubt about study choices and want to make a choice based on more than abilities, for example,” said Dr Vedel. “Or teachers might better understand their student population.”

  21.The first paragraph implies that law or business students may _______.

  A.be amused by the research

  B.be interested in the research

  C.dislike the research

  D.enjoy the research

  22.According to the research, law students scored particularly low in the trait of _______.

  A. generosityB. opennessC. anxiety D. selfishness

  23. The word “conscientious” (Para. 4) probably means “________”.

  A. moodyB. sensitiveC. curiousD. careful

  24.Anna Vedel stated that the research _______.

  A. confirmed the link between personality and profession

  B.showed that the differences were far from significant

  C.was not reliable because of its prejudicial observation

  D.did not have enough samples to support its findings

  25.According to Anna Vedel, the research may help ______.

  A.students make wise choices in finding jobs

  B.teachers understand their students better

  C.students make presentations more academically

  D.school pupils go to better universities

  Passage Two

  AlphaGo’s victory over Go( 围棋 )champion Lee Se-dol reportedly shocked artificial intelligence experts, who thought such an event was 10 to 15 years away. But if the timing was a surprise, the outcome was not. On the contrary, it was inevitable and entirely foreseeable.

  Playing complex games is precisely what computers do supremely well. Just as they beat the world champions at checkers(跳棋)and then chess, they were destined to beat the champion at Go. Yet I don’t believe, as some do, that human defeats like this one presage an era of mass unemployment in which awesomely able computers leave most of us with nothing to do. Advancing technology will profoundly change the nature of high-value human skills and that is threatening, but we aren’t doomed.

  The skills of deep human interaction, the abilities to manage the exchanges that occur only between people, will only become more valuable. Three of these skills stand out: The first, the foundation of the rest, is empathy, which is more than just feeling someone else’s pain. It’s the ability to perceive what another person is thinking or feeling, and to respond in an appropriate way.

  The second is creative problem-solving in groups. Research on group effectiveness shows that the key isn’t team cohesion or motivation or even the smartest member’s IQ; rather, it’s the social sensitivity of the members, their ability to read one another and keep anyone from dominating.

  The third critical ability, somewhat surprisingly, is storytelling, which has not traditionally been valued by organizations. Charts, graphs and data analysis will continue to be important, but that’s exactly what technology does so well. To change people’s minds or inspire them to act, tell them a story.

  These skills, though basic to our humanity, are fundamentally different from the skills that have been the basis of economic progress for most of human history, logic, knowledge and analysis, which we learned from textbooks and in classrooms. By contrast, the skills of deep human interaction address the often irrational reality of how human beings behave, and we find them not in textbooks but inside ourselves. As computers master ever more complexity, that’s where we’ll find the source of our continued value.

  26. According to the author, AlphaGo’s victory_____.

  A.could have happened earlier

  B.came as a pleasant surprise

  C.was an expected result

  D.was more a matter of luck

  27.The word “presage”(Para. 2) is closest in meaning to“ _____”.

  A. surviveB. sufferC. inventD. predict

  28.What is the author’s attitude towards the human future in the face of technology?

  A.UnclearB. ConfusedC. WorriedD. Optimistic

  29.Which of the following is the most fundamental to human interaction?

  A. Social sensitivity of group members to understand each other.

  B.Strong ability to share people’s feelings and respond.

  C.Team spirit to make sure that everyone is involved.

  D.Inspirational storytelling to motivate people to act.

  30.According to the author, the skills of deep human interaction .

  A.are the source of true human values in the future

  B.can work with knowledge to make the world better

  C.are similar to the skills of human logic and analysis

  D.can be learned from textbooks and in classrooms

  Passage Three

  Last year, I went WWOOFing (Willing Workers on Organic Farms) at a beautiful organic farm in La Réunion. With WWOOFing, volunteers exchange their time and work for food and accommodation. I slept in a cabin in the woods with hedgehogs(刺猬) digging about in the bushes, all different coloured birds singing in the morning and endless rows of palm trees offering shade from the sun.

  For me, one of the best ways to get to know a new place is to work with the land, live with the locals and share meals together. This is why I absolutely love WWOOFing. It has got to be one of the best ways to travel. It is a mutually beneficial exchange where everyone involved prioritises people and environment above profit. You get the time and space to deepen a connection with local communities and nature.

  There is a lot to learn and each farm has its own unique way of doing things, depending on the environment, climate and soil. At the farm in La Réunion we planted palm trees to harvest the core of the trunk which can be eaten in salads. Before staying with the farm I had only eaten heart of palm from cans which were nothing in comparison to the real thing, fresh from the ground. When potting up the very beginnings of the palm trees, I felt grateful to be a part of the start of the trees' cycle. I was filled with awe that something so small could grow into something so big and strong.

  We also did lots of weeding, which helped me to get to know all kinds of different plants, to be able to identify which ones we could use as herbs/medicine/in salads and which were seen as uneatable. I also got to harvest pineapples and guava fruit(番石榴) to make jams which will be sold at the local market.

  Of course, not everyone is able to travel far away into the field. The great thing about the skill-share philosophy behind WWOOFing is that it’s something we can all do from our own backyard. The focus shifts from money to how we can best support each other in our communities.

  A fair exchange can make a big difference in the world.

  31.WWOOFing enables volunteers to ________.

  A.get food and shelter for their work

  B.travel around La Réunion for free

  C.tell the differences between various birds

  D.have close contact with wild animals

  32.The author found his farm life in La Réunion quite ______

  A. awfulB. rewardingC. comfortableD. difficult

  33.The author did all of the following on the organic farm EXCEPT _______.

  A.removing weeds

  B.planting palm trees

  C.harvesting fruits

  D.collecting vegetables

  34.The philosophy of WWOOFing is to _______

  A.improve local environment

  B.make locals live better

  C.unite different communities

  D.advocate a fair exchange

  35.This passage is mainly about _____A. the development of WWOOFing

  B.a local WWOOFing community

  C.a charming WWOOFing experience

  D.the system of WWOOFing

  Passage Four

  Experts say distracted walking is a growing problem, as people of all ages become more dependent on electronic devices for personal and professional matters. They also note pedestrian deaths have been rising in recent years. In 2005, 11% of all US deaths involved pedestrians, but that number rose to 15% in 2014.

  The rise in deaths coincides with states introducing bills that target pedestrians. Some states, such as Hawaii, Arkansas, Illinois, Nevada and New York, continue to introduce legislation every year.

  The measure recently introduced by New Jersey assembly woman Pamela Lampitt would ban walking while texting and prohibit pedestrians on public roads from using electronic communication devices unless they are hands-free. Violators would face fines of up to $50, 15-day imprisonment or both, which is the same penalty as jaywalking(乱穿马路). Half of the fine would be allocated to safety education about the dangers of walking while texting, said Lampit.

  Some see the proposal as an unnecessary government overreach, while others say they understand Lampitt's reasoning. But most agree that people need to be made aware of the issue. "Distracted pedestrians, like distracted drivers, present a potential danger to themselves and drivers on the road," Lampitt said. "An individual crossing the road distracted by their smartphone presents just as much danger to motorists as someone jaywalking and should be held, at minimum, to the same penalty."

  The main question raised about the measure, though, is whether it can be enforced consistently by police officers who usually have more pressing matters to deal with. Some feel that rather than imposing a new law, the state should focus on distracted-walking education. Lampitt said the measure is needed to stop and penalize "risky behavior." She cited a National Safety Council report that showed distracted-walking incidents involving cellphones accounted for an estimated 11,101 injuries from 2000 through 2011.

  The study found a majority of those injured were female and most were 40 or younger. Talking on the phone was the most prevalent activity at the time of injury, while texting accounted for 12%. Nearly 80% of the injuries occurred as the result of a fall, while 9% occurred from the pedestrian striking a motionless object.

  36.This passage is mainly concerned with _____

  A.the difficulty in enforcing road regulations

  B.rising deaths caused by distracted walking

  C.the dangers of jaywalking on busy streets

  D.distracted walking involving smartphones

  37.The states introducing bills that target pedestrians ________.

  A.have benefited from the bills

  B.find it hard to carry them out

  C.have been promoting the legislation

  D.will have fewer deaths of pedestrians

  38.According to the measure proposed by Lampitt, walking while texting would ______.

  A.become illegal

  B.involve safety education

  C.be blamed publicly

  D.incur a fine of over $50

  39.Lampitt reasons that distracted pedestrians are as dangerous as ________.

  A.motorists

  B.speeding drivers

  C.jaywalkers

  D.drunk drivers

  40.Which of the following would the author of the passage most probably agree with?

  A. Males are more vulnerable to distracted-walking injures.

  B.Police officers are unhappy with the proposed law.

  C.Safety education is more important than penalty.

  D.Rising distracted-walking incidents call for real attention.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are required to read one quoted blog and the comments on it. The blog and comments are followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answer A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  The saying “Clothes Make the Man” dates back some 400 years and it refers to the fact that when people see a well-dressed person, they assume that person is a professional, capable, and (especially in the old days) rich. Therefore, you had to dress like how you wanted to be perceived, what you wanted to eventually achieve. Fast forward 400 years, lots of folks still think the same way. But does it really make a difference?

  I happen to be one of those who do not put faith in the old saying. I suppose I might be in the minority but I am a member of an elite club with the likes of Steve Jobs and Bill Gates in my camp.

  Perception is not reality; perception is halfway to discovering reality. Perception is drawn from our own impressions, our own belief systems. Is it powerful and influential? Absolutely! Is it all that it seems? Less often than you think. How many times have you cast an initial judgment only to surprise yourself later and learn how you missed out on a great opportunity, person or idea?

  Comment 1

  In the present era, many associate the well-dressed with being the most successful. It took folks in the business world a long time to overlook the way Steve Jobs wore jeans on the public stage. I did not know Mr. Jobs, though I wish I had. I have heard it said that he invented the concept of “business casual.” In my mind that is as much a matter of self-confidence as it is a matter of taste in clothing.

  Comment 2

  You are wrong about Steve Jobs. He certainly did care about how he was perceived and his appearance was very much calculated to achieve his desired effect. From his early formal business clothing down to the aggressive casualness of his eventual black turtle neck and jeans uniform, his clothes and the impact they made were clearly foremost in his mind.

  Comment 3

  It reminds me of the story about the philosopher who goes to a formal dinner party in jeans. When asked if he felt out of place because of his clothes, he looked around and said he hadn’t noticed.

  41.Which of the following might the writer of the passage agree with?

  A. Steve Jobs and Bill Gates dress formally.

  B.We should not judge a person by his clothing.

  C.It is clothes that make the man.

  D.The well-dressed are most likely to succeed.

  42.According to the writer of the passage, perception ______.

  A.might prove wrong

  B.is powerful and reliable

  C.is half reality

  D.might be worthless to us

  43.The writer of Comment 1 seems to ______.

  A.dislike the way Steve Jobs dressed for business occasions

  B.suggest that business people have no taste in clothing

  C.believe that the well-dressed are the most successful

  D. think that Steve Jobs’ casualness reflected his self-confidence

  44.Speaking of Steve Jobs, the writer of Comment 2 ________.

  A.points out that Steve Jobs was a very aggressive person

  B.suggests that he and Steve Jobs used to be in the same club

  C.holds the same view as the writer of the passage

  D.thinks Steve Jobs’ casualness was carefully thought out

  45.When he went to the dinner party in jeans (Comment 3), the philosopher _______

  A.thought that people liked his clothes

  B.was not aware of how his clothes looked

  C.felt quite embarrassed

  D.considered himself out of place

  Part IV Cloze (10 points)

  Directions: In this part, there is a passage with ten blanks. For each blank there are four choices

  marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  The history of transportation is very long and full of changes and inventions. It starts ___46__ walking, which is not any invention; it just takes energy. People used to walk to get to other places. If you wanted to get somewhere quickly, the __47___way to do that was to run . Actually, the first invention for the transportation __48__ was the shoe. Centuries ago there were no shoes, and people walked barefoot.

  Then people invented ___49__ to transport themselves and materials from one place to another. In some cultures, people invented sledges(雪橇), ___50__ are a kind of board that you drag along the ground. You can tie things on the sledges to help carry them, but it’s a challenging invention ___51__ if you hit a rock with the sledges as you pull it, the contents can ___52___. In other cultures, people invented the wheels, which they used to make it easier to move things---and people. That was the beginning of many innovations in transportation.

  ___53___ people had wheels they could invent other ways to travel. They could put the wheels on a board and make it a wagon, and then they could ___54__ that wagon to an ox or a horse and ride as well as carry materials. That wheel led to __55___ we have today: trucks, automobiles, and even boats and planes. For example, there were steamboats that used giant wheels that turned with blades, pushing the water and pushing the boat forward.

  A. onB. atC. forD. with

  A. possibleB. onlyC. oneD. just

  A. probablyB. luckilyC. reallyD. formerly

  49.A. methodsB. channelsC. waysD. measures

  50.A. whatB. whenC. whereD. which

  51.A. unlessB. butC. evenD. since

  52.A. pull outB. slip offC. hold downD. put down

  53.A. OnceB. ThenC. HoweverD. Yet

  54.A. stickB. makeC. fastenD. change

  55.A. whatB. thatC. whichD. how

  Part V Text Completion(20 points)

  Directions: In this part, there are three incomplete texts with 20 questions (Ranging from 56 to 75).Above each text there are three or four phrases to be completed .First, use the choices provided in the box to complete the phrases. Second, use the completed phrases to fill in the blanks of the text. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Text One

  A.many

  B.choose

  C.think of

  D. ways of

  Phrases:

  A.56only one language

  B.57any reason not to

  C.in58different ways

  D.the most boring59seeing the world

  I think every language has a certain way of seeing the world. Each is a whole different world – a whole different mindsets. I couldn’t possibly60because it would mean really giving up the possibility to be able to see the world. So the monolingual lifestyle, for me, is the saddest, the loneliest,62. There are so many advantages of learning a language; I really can’t63.

  Text Two

  A.known

  B.idea

  C.feel

  Phrases:

  A.but it may64like forever

  B.a person may have no65what is wrong

  C.what is66as panic disorder

  A panic attack is a sudden feeling of terror. Usually it does not last long, __67__. The cause can be something as normally uneventful at driving over a bridge or flying in an airplane. And it can happen even if the person has driven over many bridges or flown many times before. A fast heartbeat. Sweaty hands. Difficulty breathing. A lightheaded feeling. At first __68___. But these can all be signs of ___69____. The first appearance usually is between the ages of eighteen and twenty-four. 1n some cases it develops after a tragedy. Like the death of a loved one, or some other difficult situation.

  Text Three

  A.lights

  B.protect

  C. in the dark

  Phrases:

  A.sit at home70

  B.turn off all non-essential71

  C.passed a law to

  I’m a big fan of trying to save the environment, and this month is the WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) annual Earth Hour. Earth Hour is an event where you 73 and power between 8-9 pm, things like your TV and computer. However, you don’t just 74 for an hour. Instead, people gather in groups and have fun without using power. Things like dancing, fireworks and musical performances are popular and it’s very fun to take part. Earth Hour isn’t just about saving energy; people involved in Earth Hour have also planted a forest in Uganda, built75

 

2016年划一学力申硕英语答案剖析
 

  1.本题选 C

  剖析:依据第 1 题空格上面一行主顾说“我想我会用航空邮件寄”可以推测伙计在问邮寄方法。故本题选 C。

 

  2.本题选 B

  剖析:依据第 2 题下方主顾答复“是的。我附了一张支票和一些照片”可以推测伙计讯问的是信内物品。只要 B 选项契合。故本题选 B。

 

  3.本题选 A

  剖析:依据最初伙计答复“负疚,老师。你得带着你的信到下一个窗口”。可知主顾讯问能否可以在原窗口处置。故本题选 A。

 

  4.本题选 A

  剖析:依据 Winne 说的“没人可以忍耐如许的酷热”和 Marc 答复的 Absolutely 可知第 4 题仍应为酷热的话题。故本题选 A。

 

  5.本题选 B

  剖析:依据第 5 题前面“我不想由于中暑或什么事被送进医院”可知 Marc 赞同下面 Winne 的观念。故本题选 B。

 

  6.本题选 C

  剖析:依据最初 Marc 的答复“对,你是对的。必需喝少量的水”可知 Winne 在下面对话中给出了意见。故本题选 C。

 

  7.本题选 C

  剖析:依据对话第三行 Interviewer 的话“成为首位身价亿万的作家怎样影响你对本人的见解?”可知,四个选择中只要C 选项提到 the first billionaire author,故本题选 C。

 

  8.本题选 D

  剖析:依据第 8 题空格后的描绘,讲到款项以及受访者的家庭情况(单亲家庭,委曲生活)。故这里应该选择 D 选项,与款项有关,但不但单只是款项。故本题选 D。

 

  9.本题选 B

  剖析:依据第 9 题空格前的“除了没有无家可归之外贫无立锥”和空格后的 Never,可知这里应该是一个转机,选项中只要 B“但是如今我再也不必担忧了”符合。故本题选 B。

 

  10.本题选 A

  剖析:依据 Interviewer 最初一个题目“你还会持续写作吗?” 可知这里是答复能否会持续写作以及缘由,而且第 10 题空格前呈现“I can’t,…”。选项中 A 与问句符合。故本题选 A。

 

  11.本题选 C

  剖析:preference 是“偏向,偏幸”;adjustment 是“调解,调理”;sensitivity 是“敏感,敏捷度”;response 是“反响”。划线单词 alertness 是“机警”的意思,与 sensitivity 相近,故本题选 C。

 

  句意:如许的经历有助于提拔一团体对其他文明的敏感度,同时也加深对本人文明的看法。

 

  12.本题选 B

  剖析:ignore 是“无视”;criticize 是“批判”;impress 是“给人印象”;follow 是“追随”。划线短语 find fault with 是“批判,挑剔”的意思,与 criticize 的意思相近,故本题选 B。句意:假如你总是想批判他人,这意味着你曾经有了另一个缺陷。

 

  13.本题选 D

  剖析:prolong 是“耽搁”;adapt 是“顺应”;postpone 是“使… 延期”;advance 是“将…提早”。划线短语 bring forward 是 “提早”的意思,与 advance 的意思相近,故本题选 D。句意:推举将提早到六月,由于许多人七月份休假。

 

  14.本题选 A

  剖析:enough 是“充足的”;abundant 是“丰厚的”;satisfying 是“令人称心的”;proper 是“得当的”。划线单词 sufficient 是“充足的”意思,与 enough 意思相近,故答案选 A。句意:关于点心的题目,我以为橙汁和薯片是充足的。

 

  15.本题选B

  剖析:obtain 是“取得”;exceed 是“超越”;describe 是“描绘”;forget 是“遗忘”。划线单词 surpass 是“超越”的意思,与 exceed 意思相近,故答案选 B。句意:看着这些孩子生长会带给我难以跨越的满意感。

 

  16.本题选 D

  剖析:background 是“配景”;exploration 是“探究”;survey 是“观察”;outlook 是“远景”。划线单词 prospect 是“远景,瞻望”的意思,与 outlook 意思相近,故答案选 D。句意:该期刊登载了一系列文章,回忆了“遗传医学”新期间的远景。

 

  17.本题选 C

  剖析:distressed 是“苦楚的,担心的”;anxious 是“焦急的”; exhausted 是“疲劳的”;upset 是“忧伤的”。划线短语 burn out 是“筋疲力尽的”,与 exhausted 意思相近,故答案选 C。句意:假如你不慢上去歇口吻,你很快会精疲力尽。

 

  18.本题选 D

  剖析:cooperation 是“合作,协作”;meeting 是“会晤”; agreement 是“赞同”;combination 是“联合”。划线单词 merge 是“兼并,联合”的意思,与 combination 意思相近,故答案选 D。

 

  句意:随着我们与史女士兄弟公司的兼并,从如今起,新公司将酿成史女士-墨菲株式会社。

 

  19.本题选 B

  剖析:required 是“必需的”;qualified 是“有资历的”;selected 是“挑选出来的”;elected 是“推举的”。划线单词 eligible 是“契合条件的”意思,与 qualified 意思相近,故答案选 B。句意:只要土生土长的百姓才有资历竞选美国总统。

 

  20.本题选C

  剖析:simply 是“复杂地,仅仅”;quickly 是“敏捷地”;hardly 是“简直不”;strongly 是“强无力地”。划线单词 barely 是 “简直不”的意思,与 hardly 意思相近,故答案选 C。句意:气温 38 度,空调难以使屋子冷却上去。

 

  21.本题选C

  剖析:推测题。题干问:“从第一段可以推测出学执法和商科的先生能够....”选项中都呈现了 research 观察,可知题干问的是执法和商迷信生对这项观察的见解。定位信息到文章第一二句:What did you study at university? If it was something along the lines of law or business, you might want to look away now,本句译为:你在大学学什么?假如是执法,商科之类的工具,那么你能够如今想把视野移开(不想看)。要害词“look away ”译为“将视野从...移开,不再看....”由此推测,学执法和商科的先生能够不喜好这项观察研讨。故答案选 C。

 

  22.本题选 A

  剖析:细节题。题干是问:“依据观察,学执法的先生在...特性下面得清楚显很低。”题干要害词是“ particularly low”,定位信息于第三段 when it came to “agreeableness” -- the tendency towards being helpful, generous and considerate -- the lawyers scored particularly low, A 项 generosity 对应的是原文中 generous,译为大方,小气。B 项的 openness 是一个疑惑选项,呈现在第四段 for openness, meaning they were curious, imaginative and in touch with their inner feelings, while economists, engineers, lawyers and scientists scored comparatively low.这里需求留意的是,学执法的先生在 openness 这方面得分是绝对较低 comparatively low,而题干问的是“ particularly low 尤其低,十分低”,故 B 项不准确; C 项的 anxiety 说的是艺术和人文学科的先生,对应第四段原文 the arts and humanities students also tended to be less conscientious and more nervous, typically exhibiting signs of anxiety and moodiness. D 项 selfishness 在文中第一段就提到 “you have selfish, uncooperative tendencies ”这是学执法先生的特性,以是得分应该是很高的。故答案选 A。

 

  23.本题选 D

  剖析:“conscientious”是“仔细担任,慎重的”,A 项 moody 是“喜怒无常的”;B 项 sensitive 是“敏感的”;C 项 curious 是“猎奇的” D 项 careful 是“仔细仔细的,服务殷勤的”,与 conscientious 意思最为相近,故答案选 D。

 

  24.本题选 A

  剖析:细节题。依据 Anna Vedel 定位信息于第五、六段。第五段 The effect sizes show that the differences found are not trivial, far from 中 trivial 译为“微乎其微的,不紧张的”not trivial 则是“紧张的,值得留意的”,而 B 项中 significant 译为“紧张的”但其后面有 far from“阔别”,那么 far from significant 则译为“不紧张的”,和原文意思相反。从第六段中 help those school pupils who currently have no idea what to study at university....but it might provide some inspiration for students that are in doubt about study choices... 可以晓得这个观察可以给那些比拟疑惑的先生在选择专业方面提供一些协助,可以依据前文中所提到的差别性情来选择专业,也便是 B 项:“观察确定了性情与专业之间的联络”。C、D 项 Anna Vedel 并没有提及。故答案选 A。

 

  25.本题选 B.

  剖析:细节题。题干问的是依据 Anna Vedel 所言,这个观察能够协助... ;定位至文章第六段,A 项:协助先生在找任务方面做出明智选择,文章讲的是为先生在选择专业方面提供一些协助;C 项:协助先生作出更有学术性的陈诉。而原文中 helping academics to plan their lectures“协助大学教员布置他们的讲座”,“academics”是指大学教员。以是 C 项和原文不符。D 项:协助先生上更好的大学。文章第六段中讲的是在先生选择专业方面提供协助,而不是上更好的大学。B 项对应文章最初一句话“teachers might better understand their student population.”也便是协助教师更好的理解先生。故答案选 B.

 

  26. 本题选 C

  剖析:推测题。依据文章第一段最初 2 句“But if the timing was a surprise, the outcome was not. On the contrary, it was inevitable and entirely foreseeable.”可知作者以为阿尔法 Go 得胜的这一后果并不料外,完全可以预见。C 项为“是可以预测的后果”,与作者的观念分歧;A 为“应该早一点发作”; B 为“是一个令人痛快的不测”;D 为“是运气使然”,均与作者的观念纷歧致。故答案选 C。

 

  27.本题选 D

  剖析:词义题。依据标题中的 presage 定位至文章第二段对应地位“presage an era of”,era 意为“期间”。意为“预示了如许一个期间”。presage 意为“预示,预测”。D 项 predict 为“预测,预示”,与 presage 意思相近;A 项 survive 为“幸存”,B 项 suffer 为“蒙受,忍耐”;C 项 invent 为“创造,发明”。故答案选 D。

 

  28.本题选 D

  剖析:态度题。作者在第二段已明白标明本人的观念:Yet I don’t believe, as some do, that human defeats like this one presage an era of mass unemployment in which awesomely able computers … and that is threatening, but we aren’t doomed.,可知作者不附和人们关于盘算机将替代人类这一观念,而且以为先辈的技能固然对人类的将来存在着要挟,但并不注定人类将会被打败。别的整篇文章作者都在标明人类的很多特质和代价是盘算机所不克不及替代的。比方在文章的第三四五段,作者辨别罗列出了三点人类所特有的技艺,标明了人类在面对科技开展,依然具有不行代替的代价。意即作者对人类的将来抱有一种积极悲观的态度,故答案选 D。A 项 Unclear 不明白的;B.项 Confused 疑惑的;C.项 Worried 焦急的,担心的;D 项 Optimistic 悲观的。

 

  29.本题选 B

  剖析:细节题。依据标题中的 fundamental 定位至文章第三段对应地位“the foundation of the rest, is empathy, which is more than just feeling someone else’s pain. It’s the ability to perceive what another person is thinking or feeling, and to respond in an appropriate way. (最根本的是共鸣,即对别人的苦楚感同身受,这是一种了解别人所想所感,而且能以得当的方法回应的才能)”。可知 B 项“分管别人感觉并予以回应的弱小才能”是人际互动最根本的,故答案选 B。A 选项在文章第四段,即第二段技艺中呈现,D 选项在第五段,即第三项技艺中呈现,但均不是题干中所问的 the most fundamental。C 选项文章没有提及。

 

  30.本题选 A

  剖析:细节题。题干问的是,在作者看来,深化的人际互动的技艺 _____. 由文章最初一句 that’s where we’ll find the source of our continued value,由此可知 A 项“在将来,是人类真正代价地点的泉源”是准确选项。本题 C 项“与人类的逻辑与剖析才能类似”;D 项“可以从书籍和讲堂学习到”与原文不符;B 项文中没有提及,故答案选 A。

 

  31.本题选 A

  剖析:细节题。依据题干定位到第一段第二句,With WWOOFing, volunteers exchange their time and work for food and accommodation.(参与 WWOOFing,意愿者们可以经过交流工夫和任务来调换食、宿),以是 A 项准确;B 项“收费周游 La Réunion”文中没有触及;C 项“找出种种鸟类之间的差别”文中没有触及,第一段第三句只讲到“all different coloured birds singing in the morning”(种种颜色艳丽的鸟儿在晚上唱歌);D 项“与野生植物密切打仗”,文中没有触及,第一段第三句只讲到“I slept in a cabin in the woods with hedgehogs(刺猬) digging about in the bushes”我睡在林中小屋,(左近有)刺猬在灌木丛中挖洞,故答案选 A。

 

  32.本题选 B

  剖析:推测题。依据题干定位到第三段,第四句讲到, I felt grateful to be a part of the start of the trees' cycle.(我对能到场树木周期最开端的局部满怀感谢);第五句讲到,I was filled with awe that something so small could grow into something so big and strong(我对小树苗可以长成参天大树充溢着敬畏);

 

  第四段讲到,We also did lots of weeding, which helped me to get to know all kinds of different plants, to be able to identify which ones we could use as herbs/medicine/in salads and which were seen as uneatable(我们也做了少量的除草任务,这协助我理解种种差别的动物,而且可以辨认哪些可以用制造草药沙拉,哪些是不克不及吃的。);第二段第三、四句讲到,This is why I absolutely love WWOOFing. (这便是我为什么十分喜好 WWOOFing 的缘由); It has got to be one of the best ways to travel(它是最好的游览方法之一);It is a mutually beneficial exchange (这是一种互惠互利的交流方法),综合以上,故答案选 B。

 

  33. 本题选 D

  剖析:细节题。依据题干定位至第三、四段,第三段第二句讲到,At the farm in La Réunion we planted palm trees to harvest the core of the trunk which can be eaten in salads(在 La Réunion 农场,我们莳植棕榈树以取得它的汁水拌沙拉吃),以是 B 项准确;第四段第一句讲到,We also did lots of weeding(我们也做了许多的除草任务),以是 A 项准确;第二句讲到,I also got to harvest pineapples and guava fruit to make jams which will be sold at the local market(我也播种了菠萝和番石榴,以制造在外地市场出售的甜酱。),以是 C 项准确。故答案选 D。

 

  34.本题选 D

  剖析:细节题。依据题干的 philosophy of WWOOFing 定位到第五段,第二句讲到 The great thing about the skill-share philosophy behind WWOOFing is that it’s something we can all do from our own backyard. (WWOOFing 面前折射出的技艺分享哲学的巨大之处在于这些工具我们都可以从本人的后院制造出来),第三句讲到,The focus shifts from money to how we can best support each other in our communities. (重点从款项变化为怎样最好地在我们的社区中相互支持。),第四句讲到,A fair exchange can make a big difference in the world.(一个公道的交流可以使这个世界大差别),由此可知,答案选 D。

 

  35.本题选 C

  剖析:宗旨题。依据题干定位到第一段,第一句讲到 Last year,I went WWOOFing (Willing Workers on Organic Farms) at a beautiful organic farm in the south of La Réunion.(客岁,我参与了在 La Réunion 南方一个美丽的无机农场的WWOOFing);第三段和第四段讲到作者在这次 WWOOFing 所阅历过以及学到的工具;最初一段讲到经过这次WWOOFing,作者指出“WWOOFing 面前折射出的技艺分享哲学的意义”,以是 A 项“WWOOFing 的开展”;B 项“一个外乡化的 WWOOFing 社区”;D 项“WWOOFing 的零碎” 均没有触及,综合以上,故答案选 C。

 

  36.本题选 B

  剖析:宗旨题。题干问的是此篇文章次要存眷_______。从文章第一段 Experts say distracted walking is a growing problem, ........ They also note pedestrian deaths have been rising in recent years.中可以得知。 B 项 rising deaths caused by distracted walking 为准确选项。A 项 the difficulty in enforcing road regulations 施行路途控制的困难,C 项 the dangers of jaywalking on busy streets 在忙碌街道上乱穿马路的风险和 D 项 distracted walking involving smartphones 忙于智能德律风的走路分神都不是文章次要讨论的主题

 

  37.本题选 C

  剖析:推测题。文章第二段说到 The rise in deaths coincides with states introducing bills that target pedestrians. Some states,……continue to introduce legislation every year.一些国度每年都市持续推行施行法例。可推测出 C 项 have been promoting the legislation 为准确选项

 

  38.本题选 A

  剖析:细节题。文章第三段 Violators would face fines of up to $50, 15-day imprisonment or both, which is the same penalty as jaywalking(乱穿马路).提到违者将会罚款最高 50 美元,或许 15 天开释,或许罚款开释一同停止,可知 A 项 become illegal 为准确选项。D 项. incur a fine of over $50over 超越,是错误选项。

 

  39.本题选 C

  剖析:细节题。从第四段"An individual crossing the road distracted by their smartphone presents just as much danger to motorists as someone jaywalking and should be held, at minimum, to the same penalty."对开车的人来说,分神看智能手机的过路行人和那些乱穿马路的人对开车者所带来的风险是一样的,这些人至多应该遭到异样的处分。因而 C 为准确选项

 

  40.本题选 D

  剖析:态度题。从整篇文章以落第四段 Some see the proposal as an unnecessary government overreach, while others say they understand Lampitt's reasoning. But most agree that people need to be made aware of the issue. 的观念可知, D 项 Rising distracted-walking incidents call for real attention.为作者的观念。

 

  41.本题选 B

  剖析:题干问的是:上面是个选项中,哪个是作者附和的。文章第一段,作者先引出了整篇博客的讨论主题—一团体的着装反应出他的身份、位置等。先说了其别人的观念:大少数人以为好的着装表现出穿衣人的乐成、位置等,但是,要害词在于第一段最初一句的“But”,博主在此笔锋一转,以一个普通疑问句对大少数人以为的观念提出质疑。第二、三段,博主体现了本人的观念,他不以为一团体的着装可以反应他的身份,故 B 选项“我们不克不及依据着装来判别一团体” 准确。A 选项“乔布斯和比尔盖茨穿着很正式”,与博主的观念相反,博主在第二段举出这两团体例子,便是为了证明本人的观念,他以为乔布斯和比尔盖茨穿着是随意的,因而 A 选项错误;C 选项“的确是打扮成绩了人类”和 D 选项“穿着得体的人很能够乐成”是少数人的观念,并非是作者的观念。

 

  42.本题选 A

  剖析:依据“perception 看法;见解”定位到文章第三段。依据“ Perception is not reality; perception is halfway to discovering reality. Is it powerful and influential? Absolutely! 看法不是现实,它是通往发明现实路途的中途。看法弱小而有影响吗?固然!”可知看法是通往发明现实路途的中途,故 C 选项“看法是局部现实”错误;第三段后文中说道:看法并非都像看上去一样,有几多次你做出的第一判别前面只留给你诧异,让你看法到你是怎样错过了绝佳的时机,紧张的人物,巧妙的想法?据此可以揣测看法到最初并非都是准确的,是牢靠的,正是错误的看法带来了欠好的结果,故 A 选项“能够证明是错的”准确。B 选项“弱小而牢靠的”错误,“弱小的”文中有提及,是准确的,但是并不是“牢靠的”。D 选项“对我们是没有代价的”错误,“看法”最初证明有能够让我们错过好的时机,但并不是说一切的看法最初肯定证明是错的,没有代价的。

 

  43.本题选 D

  剖析:第一个批评的作者是附和博主的观念的,依据“In my mind that is as much a matter of self-confidence as it is a matter of taste in clothing. 我以为:那(“商务便装”)既与自大相干,也同等水平地与穿衣的品尝有关”可知:第一个批评的作者以为穿衣反应团体的自大,越是穿着随意,越是反应一团体自大,故 D 选项“乔布斯的随意反应了他的自大”准确。

 

  44.本题选 D

  剖析:第二个批评的第一句“You are wrong about Steve Jobs.”就标明了批评者关于博主的见解能否定的态度,故 C 选项“与这篇博客的博客观点一样”错误,前面他进一步表明了团体的观念:乔布斯的确很在意他人怎样对待他以及本人内在极大水平上旨在获取想要的后果。从他晚期正式的商务装到最初有打击性的便装,他的打扮以及这些打扮的影响十分明晰地印在他的脑海里。由此可见,这个批评的作者以为乔布斯对本人的穿着黑白常仔细思索的,故 D 选项准确。A 选项“指出乔布斯是一个非常有朝上进步心的人”并不是批评者想要表达的次要内容;B 选项“标明他和乔布斯过来在统一个俱乐部” 是这个批评没有谈到的。

 

  45.本题选 B

  剖析:依据原文,我们可以晓得,当有人问这个哲学家能否觉得本人的穿着不得体时,他环视了周围,表现本人没有留意过,文中的“hadn’t noticed”与 B 选项的“was not aware of” 同义交换,故 B 选项准确。

 

  46.本题选 D

  剖析:本题考察短语搭配。空格地点句意思是:交通开展的汗青从步辇儿开端,步辇儿不是一种创造。start with:从…开端。

 

  47.本题选 B

  剖析:本题考察上下文语义。空格地点句意思是:假如你想很快地抵达某个中央,独一的方法便是跑着去。the only way:独一的方法。

 

  48.本题选 A

  剖析:本题考察词义辨析和上下文语义。空格地点句意思是:实践上,关于运输的第一个创造能够是鞋。probably,能够的;luckily,侥幸的;really,现实上;formerly:曩昔;原来;从后一句“几个世纪曩昔没有鞋子,人们只得光着脚走路”可知,A 选项最合题意。

 

  49.本题选 C

  剖析:本题考察词义辨析和上下文语义。空格地点句意思是:随先人们创造了可以把人和货品从一地运输到另一地的办法。channels,通道;measures,步伐;ways,办法;methods,办法;从文章第三段第一句话中 they could invent other ways to travel 可知,选 C 更满意。

 

  50.本题选 D

  剖析:本题考察上下文语义。空格地点句意思是:在一些文明中,人们创造雪橇,雪橇是一种在空中上拖着走的木板。空格前有逗号,表现前面黑白限定性定语从句,并且从句中短少主语,综合以上,D 选项的 which 最合题意。

 

  51.本题选 D

  剖析:本题考察词义辨析和上下文语义。空格地点句意思是:你可以把货品绑在雪橇下去运载,但同时雪橇也是一项有应战性的创造,由于一旦撞上石头,雪橇下面的货品就会滑落。unless:除非;but:但是;even:乃至;since:由于;综合选项词义,D 选项更契合题意。

 

  52.本题选 B.

  剖析:本题考察词组辨析和上下文语义。空格地点句意思是:当你拉动雪橇,它撞上石头,车上装载的工具就会滑落。Slip off:滑落。

 

  53. 本题选 A

  剖析:本题考察词义辨析和上下文语义。空格地点句意思是:一旦人们创造出轮子,他们就可以创造其他的出行方法。 once:一旦;then:然后;however:但是;yet:但是;综合选项词义,A 选项更契合题意。

 

  54.本题选 C

  剖析:本题考察短语搭配。空格地点句意思是:然先人们可以把车牢固在牛或许马背上,而且还能装载货品。Fasten...to:把...牢固在...上。

 

  55.本题选 A

  剖析:本题考察上下文语义。空格地点句意思是:轮子使我们拥有明天的统统:卡车,汽车乃至船和飞机。此处的 lead to 后短少宾语,have 后也短少宾语,A 选项的 what 最合题意。

 

  56.本题选 B.

  剖析:choose only one language 为准确搭配,意思是“只选择一种言语”,故选 B 项。

 

  57.本题选 C

  剖析:本题可接纳扫除法来做,A 项 many 和 D 项 ways of 无法与空格后的 any reason not to 组成搭配,B 项上题已选,故选 C 项。

 

  58.本题选 A

  剖析:in many different ways 为准确搭配,意思是“以很多差别方法”,故选 A 项。

 

  59.本题选 D

  剖析:空格后面的 boring 为描述词,空格前面为 seeing,四个选项中只要 ways of 契合,即 the most boring ways of seeing the world,意为“最为无聊的理解世界的方法”,故选 D 项。

 

  60.本题选 A

  剖析:空格前面为一个完好的句子且空格后面只要主语 I,以是空格处短少谓语,扫除 C 和 D 项,空格前面的意思是“由于这就意味着要保持理解这个世界的时机”,故此处选择 A 项“只选择一种言语”。

 

  61.本题选 C

  剖析:空格后面为一个完好的句子,故 C 项契合句意,整句话的意思是“我不行能只选择一种言语,由于这意味着要保持能以多种差别的方法去理解这个世界的时机”。

 

  62.本题选 D

  剖析:空格局部独立存在,且空格后面的意思是“以是对我来说单一言语的生存方法是最为悲痛的,最为孤单的”,故 D 项“最为无聊的理解世界的方法”。

 

  63.本题选 B

  剖析:空格局部应填入的是谓语局部,空格后面的意思是 “学习一门言语有云云多的益处”,故选 B 项,意思是“我真的想不出任何不这么做的来由”。

 

  64.本题选 C

  剖析:空格处短少谓语,且空格后面为 may,故选 C 项。

 

  65.本题选 B

  剖析: have no idea 为准确搭配,意思是“不晓得,不清晰”。

 

  66.本题选 A

  剖析:空格后面为 be 动词 is,三个选项中只要 known 契合, be known as 意思是“被以为是”,故选 A 项。

 

  67.本题选 A.

  剖析:空格局部独立存在,且空格后面为一个完好的句子,三个选项中只要 A 项契合,整句话的意思是“这种觉得通常不会继续好久,但能够觉得会很漫长”。

 

  68.本题选 B

  剖析:空格局部应填入一个完好的句子,只要 B 项契合,整句话的意思是“后来人们能够完全不晓得是那边出了题目”,故选 B 项。

 

  69.本题选 C

  剖析:空格后面为介词 of,三个选项中只要 C 项可填入此处,意思是“但这些都可以看作是恐慌症的征兆”。

 

  70.本题选 C

  剖析:sit at home in the dark 为准确搭配,意思是“暗中中坐在家里”。

 

  71.本题选 A

  剖析:turn off the light“打开灯”,故选 A 项。

 

  72.本题选 B

  剖析:空格局部短少的是动词,故选 B 项,意思是“经过一项维护大海的法则”。

 

  73.本题选 B

  剖析:空格局部短少的是谓语局部,且空格前面为 and power,以是此处应选 B 项,意思是“‘地球一小时’是指在早晨八点到九点间人们关失一切非必需电灯和电源的运动”。

 

  74.本题选 A

  剖析:空格局部短少的也是谓语局部,且动词应运用本相,故选 A 项,整句话的意思是“但是,你不必只是在暗中中在家里坐一个小时”。

 

  75.本题选 C

  剖析:空格处也是短少谓语局部,且依据 and 后面的时态可知为如今完成时,故此处应选 C 项,整句话的意思是“参加 ‘地球一小时’运动中的人们曾经在乌干达种下了一片丛林,在印度建筑了太阳能板,在阿根廷经过了一项维护大海的法则”。

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